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Scientific Names and Pronunciations:

Common Name

Family Name

Common
Family Name

Genus
Pronunc.

Meaning

Species
Pronunc.

Meaning

blueweed
 (B)
Boraginacea family
(Bor-AJ-in-nee-see-ee)
Forget-me-not family Echium
ECH-ee-um 
From Greek echis (viper), the nutlets resemble a viper's head  vulgare
vul-GAIR-ee
 Common
buffalobur
 (A)
Solanaceae family
(so-lan-AY-see-ee)
The nightshade family Solanum
so-LAN-num  
Solace, quietude; referring to the narcotic properties of some species rostratum  
ro-STRAY-tum
 With a beak
brazilian elodia
(B)
 
Hydrocharitaceae
(hy-droh-KAIR-i-ta cee-ee)
Frog’s-bit family
Fresh and saltwater Aquatic herbs
Egeria
 ee-JEE-ree-uh 
Named for a Roman nymph or goddess and adviser to Numa Pompilius densa
 DEN-suh
 Compact, dense
bugloss, annual
 (B)
Boraginacea family
(Bor-AJ-in-nee-see-ee)
Forget-me-not family Anchusa
an-KOO-suh 
Plant used for cosmetic; as a rouge perhaps arvensis
ar-VEN-sis
 Of farmed or
cultivated land
bugloss, common (B) Boraginacea family
(Bor-AJ-in-nee-see-ee)
Forget-me-not family Anchusa  
an-KOO-suh
Plant used for cosmetic; as a rouge perhaps  officinalis
oh-fiss-ih-NAH-liss
 Official - used
in pharmacological
sense
chervil,  wild
 (B)
 
Apiaceae family
(ay-pee-AY-see-eye)
Carrot/celery family (formerly Umbelliferae) Anthriscus
an-THRISS-cus An-THRISS-CUS 
From the Greek and Latin name for another but unidentified plant sylvestris
sil-VESS-triss
 Of the woods,
growing wild
common fennel
 (B)

 
Apiaceae family
ay-pee-AY-see-ee 
Carrot/celery family (formerly Umbelliferae) Foeniculum
fen-IK-yoo-lum  
Diminutive form of Latin foenum, hay; referring to the smell vulgare
vul-GAIR-ee
 Common
cordgrass, common  (A)
 
Gramineae Family
(gram-IN-ay-ee)
Poaceae family
True Grasses 
Spartina
spar-TEE-nuh 
From the Greek meaning a cord made from this grass anglica
 AN-glee-kuh
 Of or from
England
cordgrass, smooth  (A)  
 
Gramineae Family
(gram-IN-ay-ee)
Poaceae family
True Grasses 
Spartina
spar-TEE-nuh 
From the Greek meaning a cord made from this grass alterniflora
al-tern-ih-FLOR-uh
 Alternating
flowers
geranium, shiny  (A)  Geraniaceae family
(jer-ay-nee-AY-see-ee)
 Geranium family  Geranium
jer-AY-nee-um 
From the Greek meaning crane; referring to the beak-like fruit  lucidum
 loo-sid-um
 Bright,
clear lustrous
gorse
 (B)
 
Fabaceae
(fab-AY-see-ee)
Legume, pea, or bean family Ulex
 YOO-leks
The ancient Latin name for this plant europaeus-
yoo-ROH-pay-us
Of or from
Europe
hawkweed, mouse ear
 (B)
Asteraceae family
(ass-ter-AY-see-ee)
Aster, daisy, or sunflower family Hieracium
hi-er-uh-KEE-um
From the Greek meaning a hawk, referring to belief that hawks fed on the plant to strengthen eyesight
 
pilosella
pil-oh-SEL-uh
Hairy,
small hairs
hawkweed, orange  (B) Asteraceae family
(ass-ter-AY-see-ee)
Aster, daisy, or sunflower family Hieracium
hi-er-uh-KEE-um
From the Greek meaning a hawk, referring to belief that hawks fed on the plant to strengthen eyesight
 
aurantiacum
aw-ran-ti-AYE-kum
Orange-red
colored
hawkweed, yellow devil
(A)
Asteraceae family
(ass-ter-AY-see-ee)
Aster, daisy, or sunflower family Hieracium
hi-er-uh-KEE-um
From the Greek meaning a hawk, referring to belief that hawks fed on the plant to strengthen eyesight
 
floribundum
flor-ih-BUN-dum
Free flowering
or many flowers
helmet,  policeman’s
 (B)
Balsaminaceae family
(BAL-sum-in-ay-see-ee) 
Balsam family Primulaceae Impatiens
im-PAY-shuns
Impatient, referring to the seed pods habit of bursting open glandulifera
 gland-yoo-LIF-er-uh
Bearing little
glands
hogweed, giant
 (A)
 
Apiaceae family
(ay-pee-AY-see-ee)
Carrot/celery family (formerly Umbelliferae) Heracleum
Hair-uh-KLEE-um 
Named for Hercules, who was supposed to have used it first for medicine mantegazzianum
man-tee-gaz-zee-AH-num

Named Paolo
Mantegazzi,
19th century Italian etnographist (sociologist

/anthropologist)

knapweed, diffuse (B)   Asteraceae family
(ass-ter-AY-see-ee)
Aster, daisy, or sunflower family Centaurea
sen-TAR-ee-uh 
Latin, referring to the Centaur Chiron who discovered the medicinal use of the Centaury plant diffusa
dy-FEW-sa
Loosely spreading
knapweed, meadow  (B)
 
Asteraceae family
(ass-ter-AY-see-ee)
Aster, daisy, or sunflower family Centaurea
 sen-TAR-ee-uh 
Latin, referring to the Centaur Chiron who discovered the medicinal use of the Centaury plant pratensis
pray-TEN-sis
Referring to
a meadow
knapweed, spotted (B)
 
Asteraceae family
(ass-ter-AY-see-ee)
Aster, daisy, or sunflower family Centaurea
sen-TAR-ee-uh 
Latin, referring to the Centaur Chiron who discovered the medicinal use of the Centaury plant maculosa
mak-yoo-LOH-suh
Spotted
loosestrife, garden  (B)

 
Primulaceae
(Prim-yew-lay-see-ee)
Primrose family anchusa
an-KOO-suh 
Named for King Lysimachus, who used the plant to calm his oxen vulgaris
vul-GAIR-iss
Common
loosestrife, purple (B)
 
Primulaceae
(Prim-yew-lay-see-ee)  
Primrose family Lythrum
Ly-thrum 
From the Greed word for blood in a gory sense, from wounds etc. salicaria
sa-lih-KAR-ee-uh
Willow-like
milfoil, variable-leaf  (A)
 
Haloragaceae family  (HAL-uh-ruh-gay-see-ee) Watermilfoil family Myriophyllum
my-ree-oh-FIL-um
Numberless leaves heterophyllum
 het-er-oh-FY-luh
 
Differently leaved
mustard, garlic  (A)
 
Brassicaceae family  (brass-ih-KAY-see-ee) Cabbage family (formerly Cruciferae) Alliaria
al-ee-AR-ee-uh
Of the Allium(Latin for garlic) family petiolata
pet-ee-oh-LAH-tuh
Has leaf stalks (petioles)
nutsedge,  yellow  (B)
 
Cyperaceous family  (SIGH-per-ay-see-ee) Sedge family Cyperus
sy-PEER-us  
From the ancient Greek name for sedge esculentus
es-kew-LEN-tus
Edible
parrotfeather  (B)
 
Haloragaceae family  (HAL-uh-ruh-gay-see-ee) Watermilfoil family Myriophyllum
my-ree-oh-FIL-um
Numberless leaves arvensis
ar-VEN-sis
Lives in water
pepperweed,  perennial  (B)
 
Brassicaceae family  (brass-ih-KAY-see-ee) Cabbage family (formerly Cruciferae) Lepidium
lep-PID-ee-um
From the Greek lepis (scale) referring to the shape of the seed pods latifolium
 lat-ih-FOH-lee-um
Wide leaves
perennial sowthistle (A) Asteraceae family
(ass-ter-AY-see-ee)
Aster, daisy, or sunflower family Sonchus
SON-chus
From the Greed sonchos, meaning hollow in reference to the stem Arvensis
Ar-VEN-sis
Of farmed or cultivated land
poison hemlock (B) Apiaceae family
(ay-pee-AY-see-ee)
Carrot/celery family (formerly Umbelliferae) Conium
koh-NI-um 
From the ancient Greek koneion, the name given Poison Hemlock, referring to the plant and the poison derived from it maculatum
 mak-yuh-LAY-tum
Spotted
reed, common
(B)
 
Poaceae family
(poh-AY-see-ee)
Grass family Phragmites
frag-MY-tees
A screen or temporary defense australis
 aw-STRAL-iss
Of or from the south, or Australia
skeletonweed,  rush  (B) Asteraceae family
(ass-ter-AY-see-ee)
Aster, daisy, or sunflower family Chondrilla
 kon-DREE-luh  
From the Greek, meaning endive or chicory juncea
 JUN-kee-uh
Rush-like
scotch thistle (B) Asteraceae family
(ass-ter-AY-see-ee)
Aster, daisy, or sunflower family Onopordum
On-OH-por-dum
Donkey fodder or donkey flatulence ancanthium
a-KANT-tee-um
 
From the Greek word meaning  thorny, spiny
spurge laurel (B)
 
Thymelaeaceae family  (ty-MEL-ay- uh-see-ee) Laurel family Daphne
DAF-nee
Named for a nymph in Greek mythology, who was turned into a laurel tree laureola
law-re-OH-luh
Small laurel crown
tansy ragwort  (B) Asteraceae family
(ass-ter-AY-see-ee)
Aster, daisy, or sunflower family Senecio
sen-NEESH-shee-oh
Derived from the Latin word senex meaning old man, refers to the hairy parts of flowers jacobaea
 jak-koh-BAY-ee-uh
Named for St. James (Jacobus), one of the Twelve apostles
thistle, milk  (A) Asteraceae family
(ass-ter-AY-see-ee)
Aster, daisy, or sunflower family Silybum
SIGH-lee-bum
The Greek name for some edible thistles marianum
 mar-ee-AH-num
Of st. Mary
thistle, slenderflower (A) Asteraceae family
(ass-ter-AY-see-ee)
Aster, daisy, or sunflower family Carduus
KARD-yoo-us 
From the Greek word kardos (thistle) tenuiflorus
 ten-yoo-ee-FLOR-uh
Slender flowered
toadflax,  Dalmatian  (B)
 
Scrophulariaceae
(skrof-yoo-larr-ee-AY-see-ee)
Snapdragon family Linaria
lin-AR-ee-uh  
Flax-like dalmatica
dal-MAT-ih-kuh
Of or from Dalmatia, Croatia on the Adriatic Sea
velvetleaf  (A) Solanaceae family
(so-lan-AY-see-ee)
The nightshade family Abutilon
a-BEW-tih-lon
From the Arabic word for a mallow-like plant theophrasti
 thee-oh-FRAS-tee
Named for Theophrastos, a 3rd century Greek philosopher and botanist
woad, dyers  (A) Brassicaceae family  brass-ih-KAY-see-ee Cabbage family Isatis
EYE-sat-iss  
Ancient Greek name for this plant tinctoria
 tink-TOR-ee-uh
Indicates a plant used in dyeing or that has a sap that can stain

 

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